Berliet was a French manufacturer of automobiles, buses, trucks and other utility vehicles, based in Vénissieux, outside of Lyon, France. Founded in 1899, and apart from a five-year period from 1944 to 1949 when it was put into ‘administration sequestre’ it was in private ownership until 1967 when it then became part of Citroën, and subsequently acquired by Renault in 1974 and merged with Saviem into a new Renault Trucks company in 1978, and the Berliet marque was phased out by 1980.
KAMAZ was established in 1969 as Kama Complex of Plants to produce heavy-duty trucks (Production Association KamAZ). In 1990, PA KamAZ was reorganized into a joint-stock company.
The first vehicle came off the mother gathering conveyor on February 16, 1976. Since then, over 2 million vehicles and about 2.8 million engines have been produced. Each third truck of 14-40 t GVW used in Russia and the CIS countries is KAMAZ. KAMAZ vehicles are used in more than 80 countries.
The abbreviation LIAZ means Liberecke Automobilove Zavody, it was a czech
There was a car production in Liberec since 1906, when Reichenberger Automobil Fabrik, RAF, started manufacturing of cars, trucks and coaches. During the first world war RAF joined together with Laurin & Klement from Mladá Boleslav (todays Škoda) and the car division of Škoda in Pilsen. They produced trucks and parts for cars untill the second world war started.
After the second world war was the activities were taken over by the state, and in 1951 a truck production was started up, at factories in Rýnovice, Jablonec nad Nisou and Ministovy Hradiste.
The new era started officially, when the new LIAZ company , was established in Jablonec nad Nisou at 1.1.1953.
The trade name LIAZ was used from 1974.
For Daimler-Benz AG, the period from the end of the war up to the introduction of the Deutschmark was described by the Board of Management at the time as: ‘complete breakdown and yet the beginnings of a renaissance’. For with the occupation of the plants by the victorious powers, society had ‘practically ceased to exist. After the war circumstances meant that links between individual plants and even to company-owned sales and service outlets were initially impossible.’
Moscow Joint-Stock Company “The Likhachov Plant” AMO ZIL “Zavod imeni Likhachova”, more commonly called ZiL (Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ)—Likhachov Plant, literally “Plant named for Likhachov”) is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer based in the City of Moscow, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosani. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans (автомобиль представительского класса, also translated as “luxury vehicle”) in extremely low quantities, primarily for the Russian government. ZIL passenger cars are priced at the equivalent of models from Maybach and Rolls-Royce, but are largely unknown outside the CIS and production rarely exceeds a dozen cars per year.